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Seahorse Species

There are currently around 35 recognized seahorse species. Seahorses are part of the family syngnathidae (pronounced sing-nath-i-dee), which means 'fused jaw'. All seahorses belong to the genus 'Hippocampus'.

Below are the scientific name and most commonly accepted common names. Because common names can be quite confusing and vary considerably, it is best to always use the scientific name of a species.

Here is a list of Seahorse species.

Scientific Name
Seahorse Name

H. abdominalis
Pot Bellied Seahorse
H. algiricus
West African Seahorse
H. angustus
Narrow Bellied Seahorse
H. barbouri
Barbour's Seahorse
H. bargibanti
Pygmy Seahorse
H. borboniensis
Réunion Seahorse
H. breviceps
Short Snouted Seahorse
H. camelopardalis
Giraffe Seahorse
H. capensis
Knysna Seahorse
H. comes
Tiger Tail Seahorse
H. coronatus
Crowned Seahorse
H. erectus
Lined Seahorse
H. fisheri
Fisher's Seahorse
H. fuscus
Sea Pony
H. guttulatus
Speckled Seahorse
H. hippocampus
European Seahorse
H. histrix
Thorny Seahorse
H. ingens
Pacific Seahorse
H. jayakari
Jayakar's Seahorse
H. kelloggi
Great Seahorse
H. kuda
Spotted Seahorse
H. lichtensteinii
Lichtenstein's Seahorse
H. minotaur
Bullneck Seahorse
H. mohnikei
Japanese Seahorse
H. procerus
Hippocampus procerus
H. reidi
Brazillian Seahorse
H. sindonis
Shiho's seahorse
H. spinosissimus
Hedgehog Seahorse
H. subelongatus
West Australian Seahorse
H. trimaculatus
Three-Spot Seahorse
H. tuberculatus
Knobby Seahorse
H. whitei
White's Seahorse
H. zebra
Zebra Seahorse
H. zosterae
Dwarf Seahorse


 
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